[from Chapter I: “Samadhi Pada- On Contemplations”]
I.17. VITARKA-VICHAARAANANDAASMITAANUGAMAAT SAMPRJNAATAH
‘”Samprajnata samadhi” (samadhi with consciousness) is accompanied by
reasoning, discrimination, bliss, and an awareness of individuality.’
Those beings called angels or ‘devas’ are entities who, through plane, good actions and meditations, have attained a place, or this is the ultimate goal, but it is not. there is still duality, a sense of individuality. No mater how pure the ego is, as long as it exists, it
must be transcended for the knower, knowledge and known to become one. ‘samprajnata samadhi’ is not an end in itself but is a state attained along the path. There are four kinds :
A. ‘Savitarka’ : Meditation on elements in time and space.
B. ‘Nirvitarka’: Meditation on elements outside of time and space.
C. ‘Sananda’ : Meditation on mind, accompanied by bliss.
D. ‘Sasmita’ : Identification with the unqualified ego.
When the mind fixes on gross external element or object and meditates on it, it is called ‘savitarka’ meditation. ‘Vitarka’ means question ; ‘savitarka’ , with question. Because it has no reality, all of reason is applied. This mode of meditation scrutinizes the elements and the universe that they may yield up their secrets and powers to the meditator.