Shree dhurgA sapthaShathi paaraayaNa kramam

jayanthee mangalA kAlee Bhadhrakalee kapAlinee |
dhurgA kShamA shivA DhAthree swAhA swaDhA namOsthuthE ||

Navaraathri is the most auspicious time for dEvee upaasanam. Japam of “dhurgaa or chandee navAkShari mantra” (the 9 lettered mantra of durgA) and paaraayaN of “sapthaShathi” (a text containing 700 verses) is widely practiced. In mantra shAstra, “dhurgaa sapthaShathi” is highly revered. It is said that every “shloka” (verse) in itself is a “kalpa-vrksha”, capable of fulfilling one’s wishes. 

Following are some of the rules that has to be adhered to in order to get benefited from the chanting of  “sapthaShathi” : One should have been initiated into “navaakShri mantra” by a Guru. Without initiation, results might be disastarous. Also, one should have completed chanting this mantra atleast 1 lakh times (ideally 9 lakh times) before starting the PaaraayaNam of sapthaShathi.All women – young or old should be treated as one’s own mother.

Those who fail in this aspect are said to earn Mother’s wrath and would fall in the “raurava naraka” (the cruelest of all hells) after death.”praayaSchittha thaamboolam” and “Guru thaamboolam” should be given to braahmans and one’s own Guru (or Guru peeTas) before starting the paaraayaNam. Consumption of “Pancha gavya” is highly beneficial for any sadhana. It frees us from our sins.The paaraayaNam should be started with appropriate “sankalpa” and “nyaasa”s.Every single second is auspicious during these 9 days. Hence the mantra should be chanted as many times as possible. The 3 “sandhyaa” (twilight) periods are best for paaraayaNam. However, it is also highly auspicious to do the 4th paaraayaNam during late night (so as to conclude just before 12’O clock).

The sadhak should practice strict Celibecy in mind and body and should not sleep during day time. Only light, “sAthwik” food should be partaken. Consuming only cow’s milk helps attaining “manthra siddhi”After the preliminary rituals and Guru-Ganapathi prayers, A lamp ignited with ghee (clarified butter) should be installed and worshipped with “jvaalaa-maalinee manthra” . It is good to have 5 wicks in the lamp. Once installed, it should not be disturbed for any reason whatsoever until the paaraayaNam is over.

A book containing the 700 verses should be necessarily used for chanting, even if one has memorized all of them. Without the book, the ritual won’t bear fruits.The book should be wrapped in a piece of silk cloth and should be treated sacredly. It should never be placed on the floor or touched by others.One should never chant while holding the book in his hands. The ‘X’ shaped stand called “Vyaasa peeTam” should be used.First, the book should be worshipped by invoking the Mother into it in the form of “sapthaShathi saraswathi”  by the mantra: “Om namah pishaacha nikarankini thrishoola Khadga hasthE sinhaarooDhE EhyEhi, AgaChcha AgaChcha, imAm poojAm grNha grNha swAha | “

and the 5 “upachaara”s should be offered mentally and the Divine Mother should be offered salutions by displaying the “yOni mudrA” in the forehead. It is worthwhile to note here that the entire ritual is emotional in nature – “BhAva praDhAna”

The “sapthaShathi” should never be chanted mentally. One should chant it loudly and clearly. But the “navAkShari” should be chanted only mentally.Scratching, eating, drinking, thinking about  others, yawning, changing the place, shaking the body, laughing, crying etc should not be done amidst the paaraayaNam. If due to some reason the chanting is stopped in the middle, then shAnthi mantras and aparaadha kShamaapana should be chanted and the paaraayaNam should be started afresh.Chanting uthkeelana mantra 21 times, chandika shApOdDhAra mantra 7 times and the navAkShari 108 times at the beginning and at the end of each chapter is highly beneficial. The following “sankalpa” should be uttered at the beginning of each chapter:

“mama iSta sidDhi prathibanDhaka dhOSha nivrthyarTham pATAdau thaThA pATAnthE Ekavinshathi vAram uthkeelana mantram, sapthavAram chadikA shapOdDhAra mantram taThA ashTOththara vAram navArNa manthra japam aham kariShyE || “

15. At the end of every chapter, “kSheera tharpaNam” (milk oblations) should be given with the moola manthra, over a lemon held in the right hand with “ardha yOni mudrA”. THE WORD “ITHI” SHOULD NOT BE UTTERED WHILE CONCLUDING A CHAPTER. INSTEAD “SWASTHI” SHOULD BE USED. For example: ” swasthi shree mArkanDEya purANE soorya sAvarNikE manvantharE, dhEvee mAhAthmyE,   maDhu-kaiTabha vaDhO nAma praThamODhyAyah | shree jagadhambaarpaNamasthu || “.

The following offerings – “naivEdhya” (as indicated in the square braces below) should be made at the end of every chapter while reciting the indicated mantra. This is very important while performing the “chandikA havan”: (known as “aDhyAya poorNAhuthi”)

CHAPTER 1:  sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyai ey “vAgBhava beeja aDhiShTAthryai mahAkALyai”  mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha || [ kapiththa Phalam, nAgavallee dhaladhwaya sahitham kunkumAkShatha puShpaih aBhyarchitham saGrtham ]

CHAPTER 2:     sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “lakShmee beeja aDhiShTAthryai mahA lakShmyaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ nArikEla Phalam …]

CHAPTER 3:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “aShTA vinshathi varNAthmikAyaiey mahA lakShmyaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ maDhu/puShpam …] CHAPTER 4:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “thri varNAthmikAyaiey shakthi lakShmyaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ poogee Phalam …]

CHAPTER 5:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “viShNu mAyAdhi trayO-vinshathi dhEvathAyaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ beejapoora Phalam …]

CHAPTER 6:           sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “shathAkShaiey DhoomrAkShaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ nArangee Phalam …]

CHAPTER 7:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “karpoora beeja adhiShTAthryaiey kALee chAmunDA dhEvyaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ kooShmAnda Phala Khandam …]

CHAPTER 8:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyaiey “aShta mAthrkA sahithAyaiey rakthAkShee dhEvyaiey” mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha  || [ ikShudhanDa Khandam …]

CHAPTER 9:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyai ey “vAgBhava beeja aDhiShTAthryai mahAkALyai”  mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha || [kooShmAnda – ikShudhanDa Khandam …]

CHAPTER 10:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyai ey “sinha vAhinyaiey thrishoola DhAriNyaiey”  mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha || [ mAthulinga Phalam …]

CHAPTER 11:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyai ey “sarva nArAyaNyaiey”  mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha || [ dhAdimA Phalam …]

CHAPTER 12:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyai ey “bAlA thripura sundaryaiey”  mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha || [ bilva Phalam … ]

CHAPTER 13:   sAngAyaiey sAyuDhAyaiey savAhanAyaiey saparivArAyai ey “shree thripura sundharyaiey shree vidhyAyaiey”  mahAhuthim samarpayAmi namah swAha || [ kadhalee Phalam … ]

           || sarvam shree jagadhambArpaNamasthu ||

Srinath Ram Atreya

Published in: on 9 December 2006 at 2:01 pm  Comments (1)  

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  1. Excellent rules for chanting Durga Sapthashati. I never follow any rules while reading Durga Sapthashati not becuase I don’t want to follow but don’t know but now you have awakened me from now onwards I will follow all rules except one. For which I need more clarification, as you told one should not read it mentally why so ? secondly why we should not read it keeping it in hand.
    Are you telling that if we do these two things then Maa Durga will be angry on us ?
    Please reply me I want some more information as I have so many doubts for this

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