Durga Saptashati

( Discourse given by Guruji Sri Amritananda on 3rd January 2006 in Devipuram. )Durga Sapthashathi, consists of 700 shlokas. It consists of three parts. First part relating to Maha Kali, second to Maha Lakshmi and third to Maha Saraswathy.

|| Om prathama charithrasya. Brahma Rishihi. Maha Kali Devata.
Nanda Shakthihi Raktha dhanthika bheejam. Agnisthathvam ,
Rig Veda Swaroopam. Sri Mahakali preetyarthe Prathama
charithasya Jape Viniyogaha. ||

We are called Manujas, born out of Manu. Savarni is 8th Manu, who is Surya thanayaha;  the son of Sun. So, I’m going to tell the story of Savarni. How his manvanthara came to be.

|| Maha mayanu bhavena yatha manvantharidhipaha
sa baboova maha baho savarnisthanayoravehe ||

How he came to be the son of sun ? The manvanthara before Savarni was swarochisha manvanthara. With this story of a king, who goes for a hunt, whose kingdom was usurpsed by his ministers, had to run away. In the name of the royal hunt, he ran away to the forest and there he meets a vaishya. The king’s name was Suratha and the vaishya’s name was Samadhi. The king goes to a place where a Muni is staying and he king likes the place. Muni says sit downthere. Free food and free everything was given there. No worries. So, the king settled off. Then this vaishya comes and he also came like that – thrown away by the family. The king asks him why he is so sad. He says “What can I do , I’ve been thrown away by my family and they want only my money and they don’t want me”. The king says that the same is the story with him too and he said “lets find out why this is happening to us and why this misery”. The king says, “I’ve come to the ashram to live here peacefully, but my memories of the past, like, whether my elephant is having proper food or not, are still troubling me. I’ve taken great difficulty in collecting the money from the people and whether my people are spending the money wisely or not, I don’t know. These are the kinds of questions that are bothering me and I can’t get over them, no matter how much I try”. He said lets go and ask this Muni about what is the solution to this problem. The Muni tells him, “I’ll tell you a story”.

This is the beauty about our culture. They always tell stories. The stories are not without purpose, they have a purpose and they have a moral and each one a true story. The king tells the story of Vaishya and his own story and says “I’m not able to forget them. What is this ? I know that they are bad and they have thrown me away, still I can not get rid of affection. How can I get rid of this affliction”. The Muni says “it is true. It is Maha Maya.”

|| Jnaninaamapi chethamsi Devi Bhagavathi hi sa
baladhakrushya mohaya maha maya prayachathi. ||

He continues – even the greatest of wise people, God himself, by Her power, is made into a small puppet and he plays in Her hands.

|| Maha Maya prabhavena samsara sthithi karina ||

She creates the samsara and She maintains it.

|| Thannathra vismaya karyo yoga nidra jagath pathehe ||

Don’t get surprised at Her behavior. That is her nature and what can we do. She creates the world and sustains it and She makes you get attached to it. He gives an example “Look at that bird. It is dying of hunger, but still is going and getting food for it is children”. || Kana mokshadhruthan mohath peedyamana nabhikshudha. ||

Though it is dying of hunger, still it tries to feed it’s children and it tries to sacrifice itself for the sake of others,compassion. The nature of Mother is compassion and it is driving this world, and therefore, don’t be surprised. It is natural. You don’t have to put yourself down because you’re thinking about this all the time. It is her nature. Then the king asks “You are telling about Maha Maya; who is Maha Maya and how is She born and when did She come into existence.

Tell me the story”. She is always there. But She is not visible. Sometimes She makes her presence known to us and then we say “She is born”. She is not born and does not die also; but She is there somewhere and She makes herself visible to us and then we say She is born.

|| Nithyaiva sa jaganmoorthihi thaya sarvamidham thatham ||

She is spread out everywhere.

Thatham idham sarvam – all these, is pervaded by her.

|| Uthpannethi thatha loke saa nithyapyabhidheeyate ||

We say that She is born and She is also called Nithya. In the transcendental form, She is always there and in thevisible form, She appears and disappears. So this visible world made by her appears and disappears. But the world does not go anywhere, it is still there. Even before you came to be and after you cease to be, it is still there. Nithyaivasa – her form is the world . The world appears and disappears and it is still there. I was a little child, I drank milk frommy mother. That part of me came into existence, lived for some time and died. Then I went to school and college and that part also came and gone and died. Now I’m 71 and this part is also going to stay for sometime and is going to go.

Can I show you that part when I was a child NOW ? I cannot see; you cannot see. It is dead. But if I go back in time, say 60 or 65 years, we can see the child 6 years old playing.

So, my inability to go back in time is making me think that I’m dead though I’m not dead.I’m feeling space and time  differently. In space, I can move from here to there and  there to here. But I’m not able to move about in time and

I’m not able to manage my time. So it is there, it has come to be, because I have passed that time and then gone. It is basically the motion of time that is creating this appearance and disappearance. There is no death and there is no birth.

Nithyaiva saa jagan murthihi – her form is the world.

In the beginning, the world was filled with water. When we do kalasa sthapanam, what do we say,

|| Om aapova idhagum sarvam vishvaa bhoothanyapaha
Praanavaapaha pashavaapaha annamaapaha amruthamaapaha
samvaradt aapaha viradaapaha svaraadaapaha
jyothigum shyaapaha yajugumshyaaapaha sathyamaapaha
sarvaa devathaapaha bhuhu bhuvaha suvaha aapa om. ||

The whole world is water, filled with light. Apaha – Narayana. There is no place that is not touched by waters of light. That is the conception. In that, those waters, Maha Vishnu – the Adhishtana Devata of waters of life, is sleeping under the coils of Kundalini, the serpant Sesha Sayi. Sesha means the reminder. If we divide a circle into three parts, one two three. Then 3.1415 is an infinite sequence of number. That is called sesha. That is unending. They say, Jagrat, Svapna and Sushupthi are the three states of a circle unending and the remaining part is infinite sequence. It is called Sesha – Sesha Nagam.He is sleeping on the coils of the sesha naga. Manifested parts of the world are called Sesha. Then, out of his Nabhi Kamala, the centre of his navel, a lotus came and Brahma, the creator of the world was growing in that. Here, there is an interesting reciprocal relationship. In this story, Brahma is the son of Vishnu. But if we see the picture of Kamakhya, there we find Shiva sleeping and out of his navel centre – what is there in that? Shakthi. You’ve to decode this thing. I’ll leave this to you as an exercise for your imagination. Why there is inversion between Shiva and Vishnu?Why in Shiva’s nabhi, the lotus is coming and in that, Shakthi is there? This way, Vishnu is the mother and Brahma the son. There is an equation between Brahma and Shakthi there and between Vishnu and Shiva. If you understand the principles that govern the cosmos – the space and time, all pervading the space consciousness is called Vishnu and all that pervades the time consciousness is called Shiva. Shiva is called Kala. Kala means time. The power of time is to change, to make things appear and disappear, to give birth to, to grow, to die and to fully reabsorb them – is called Kali.The power of time to move, to manifest, to change. Now, Vishnu is sleeping in the ocean on top of the coils of Kundalini and out of his navel, Brahma has come. There are two demons called Madhu and Kaitaba, who come to kill him. Their origin is strange.

|| Vishnu karna malothbhoothau hanthum bramhaanamudhyathou ||

They are born out of the impurity in the ear of Vishnu. What is this impurity in Vishnu and how does this manifest Rakshas. That is a story that you’ve to go behind the words to understand. Here the analysis starts; if you have impurity in the ears what happens. You can not hear. Sruthi is Vedas. If you don’t hear the Vedas properly, you can not understand it properly. Out of misunderstanding of Sruthi, there are two tendencies created. Both these tendencies are demonic. Madhu is sweetness, honey. Searching for honey all the time, seeking pleasure; and you’re totally pleasure driven. Kaitaba is rejection –

There is nothing in this world that is of substance – so, let us ignore it. One form is extreme lust and kama driven behaviour and the other form is extreme asceticism, rejection of life. So, it is in between these two, that is the real part. Madhya Marga. One is called Ida.

The other is called Pingala. Ida is cold, moon, dispassionate, utter vairagya – that is Ida – totally satisfied, no more desires left. Pingala is the passion of the sun; to create. So between these two, it is not as hot as the sun. The sun is too hot to burn and the moon is too cold to live. Between these, the warmth of the earth is where you can live.

So, the warmth of the channel starts at Muladhara Chakra. Madhu and Kaitaba are the extremes of the pendulum. You take your mind to passion and leave it there, it comes to the center. It does not stop there. It moves along to the other direction and goes to detachment. You observe this in your life. Sometimes you’re very passionate and sometimes you don’t want to do anything in this world. It oscillates and this oscillation keeps on going. If you really want stability or rest for the mind, you should neither be attached to asceticism nor be attached to sensory. It is the middle part. If you want to stop the pendulum from working, then you’ve to bring it carefully to the centre and leave it there. Means neither you are attached nor detached. The example given for this is, attached detachment. You are living in this sensory world, enjoying them. But still you are maintaining your separateness.

Like a drop of water on the lotus leaf. It is attached and the surface tension makes it appear in it’s own Shell. This attached detachment, halfway between the attachment and detachment is the proper way. But not recognizing the proper way, misunderstanding the Vedas, we think that they are preaching total asceticism or total sensuality.Because of this error, there are two demons born. One is Madhu and the other Kaitaba. They come to kill what? Brahma. Brahma represents the knowledge of creation – Brahma Jnana. They are trying to create Bramha Jnana. Born out of misunderstanding of Vedas. That is the secret behind

|| Vishnu karna malothbhoothau hanthum bramhaanamudhyathou || This Brahma is a knowledgeable guy, but he has no power. He is not a martial artist. These fellows are coming in front of him to kill him and he cannot protect himself. So he prays  to Divine Mother. So, Yoga Maya appears in front of him. She says, “What is the problem?” He says, “don’t you see that these Demons are coming to kill me. Do something about it.” She is the occupant body of Narayana. That is inert. Even though it is capable of life, it is almost like lifeless. It is sleep samadhi. She wakes him from that. So, Vishnu sees these two demons and starts fighting these two demons. They are equally powerful. The fight goes on for thousands of years and neither party is winning. Narayana is getting tired. These fellows are gaining strength. The same trouble that happened to Gajendra in Gajendra Moksha is happening to Narayana at this point. Devi, here, is called Narayani in Chandi Sapthashati, takes compassion on him and enters Madhu and Kaitaba as Pride, the proud ness of their achievements. Then they say, we’ve fought with you for so long and nobody has fought so valiantly. Come and ask any boon. Narayana uses this opportunity and She enters him as wisdom. If you read Devi Bhagavatham, you hear these behind the scene stories. Narayana says, “You ask me a boon”.

They say “what ? You are capable of giving us boons? We’ll give you a boon”.Then, Narayana says “It is fine with me. I’ve no pride and no ego. What else do I want than that both of you two should die in my hands”.Then, suddenly these two realize the mistake that they’ve given the boon to him that they’re going to be killed by him. They thought, now, how can we escape the situation ? Now, She enters as intelligence into them and they say try to make an impossible request and they say, “why should he kill us. We’ll find a place where he cannot kill us”.

They say “aavam jahina yathrorvee salilena pariplutha” – where the earth is not filled with water; because they’ve seen everywhere filled with water. There is no earth anywhere. “Where the earth is not , there you kill us”. Vishnu realizes “Bhoohu Bhuvaha suvaha aapaha”.Bhu loka, bhuva loka, suvaha loka – all the worlds are filled with water, so he cannot kill. Then, he goes into the transcendental state – the sesha naga, which is the convolute of all the three states – wakeful, deep sleep and dream – that is not filled with life. That is primordial sesha naga, where the life not yet existed. The life and Kala are identical. Life is movement of time. If time movement is stopped, there can be no life. If time is stopped, if time is like space, there is no motion possible, there is no life possible, there is no death possible. Narayana takes Madhu and Kaitaba into that state and what can he do ? He can only absorb them into himself. That is how he kills them. So, it talks about the creation of the transcendental state, out of the three existing states. That is the first chapter. The nature of Maha Maya is that She conceals the world at different instances of time. What is there at past cannot be seen at present. By moving away from present, this world that we see disappears. How does Devi manifest?

By coming into the present. How does She unmanifest ? By moving away from the present. So, these are the truths that are talked about in the first chapter of the Devi Mahatmyam. Ooru means grow beyond limit is. He takes it to the fourth state and absorbs them  into himself. He puts them to sesha naga – the kundalini and then alienates them. The way to awaken from the sleep?

Dreaming state  negates the experience of the deep sleep state. The wakeful state  negates the experience of the dream. Which is true and what is truth?  There is a fourth state, the transcendental state, which goes beyond these three. When you wake up from the waking state, then you go into  the fourth state. So, when you are in the fourth state, where you are spread out into infinity, then these whole-world-experiences that we’re seeing in the wakeful state appears like a dream.

We’ve to realize that there are two states of your being, both simultaneously true. One state of your being, where you are localized and the other state where you are like a wave spread out. If you see the movie “What the bleep do we know”, the boy plays with one ball and there are so many balls existing and going on simultaneously. If the state of existence is described by a function, similar states of existences can be described by different functions. Which means, a single entity can exist simultaneously at different places. He was seeing all those balls. But which particular ball you’re looking at is dependent on the subject. The subject is making the choice and the subject object relationship is explored in full in quantum mechanical descriptions. So previously, in the classical mode of our thinking, we used to think that only the object was existing. Then the problem was, how to create the subject out of the object. There is no seer. The quantum mechanics brought the necessity of including the seer and the seer interacts and influences the position of the object. What we’ve to understand is that one part of our being is localized in space and time and other part is completely delocalized and it spreads out everywhere all over infinity. So, anywhere in the world of space and time, God can know about your existence – which is localized; because the wave by definition, goes from minus infinity to plus infinity and is everywhere. There is no material as such. That is what the Upanishads say.|| Brahma sathyam Jagath Mithya. ||The Jagath – the thing that you see in the waking state is mithya , is kalpitham, created. Created by whom? Created by you. You’re the creator of this world and how many universes are there ? Infinite number of them. As many subjects are there, so many universes are there.Every one of our thought processes is manifesting somewhere in space and time and that is making up the reality. The universe that we live in, is not one but infinity of universes. Each one is creating a universe and is growing there and is reabsorbing it. In the reabsorbed state, we are all one. In individual state, we’re like waves coming out of ocean and we’re seeing the separate existence.

The next chapter talks about what sustains the world. Maha Kali kills time and She can give birth to time also. She kills shiva. Shiva is expression of time. Shiva is afraid of Maha Kali. He does not dare to go near her. Maha Kali is primordial power of the primordial energy, which is beyond the limit of Brahma. She is Mother in whose womb Brahma is growing; and what is Brahma?

It is the whole of the universe. The womb measures the size of the child that is growing  inside. What is the size of the universe that we are talking about? What is bramhanda? From the moment it was born, till today, there is certain amount of time that has elapsed. How far light can travel in that time ?

It is “c” (speed of light) times “t” (time that has elapsed). That is the radius of the universe that we are in. There can be nothing existing outside that; because everything that is created, can at the most travel at the speed of light. What can travel at more than the speed of light ?

There is a theorem, which talks about Phase velocity into group velocity. Phase velocity is the velocity of the wave and group velocity is the speed of the particle. The product is “c” to the power of two. If one of them is larger than “c”, the other has to be less than “c”. Since the physical particle can travel only slower than speed of light, the waves must travel faster than light. If something travels faster than speed of light, then the time reverses. Physicists have created particles which travel faster than light. How did they create the particle? There is one monochromatic wave and there is another monochromatic wave and they construct a wave packet and the wave packet moves faster than light. They made it enter one crystal and leave the other end of the crystal; it leaves the other end before it enters the crystal. Nobel Prize was awarded for this one.

So, before it enters this end, it has left the other end. They also measured the simultaneous presence of one particle – one in UK and one in Australia. If you flip the polarity of one particle, the other one gets flipped. How does it know that it has flipped? Because, it travels faster than speed of light. It is traveling at infinite speed. It means covering the entire universe in zero time. So, the speed of light is not a barrier anymore for matter waves. But for matter, it is. For the matter waves, it is not. If we think, what is the algorithm or procedure to convert ourselves from matter to matter waves? The answer is very simple. There is no procedure; because you are this and that simultaneously. There is nothing needed to transform one to the other.

If it is different, you’ve to transform. If it is not, you don’t have to transform anything. These are the ideas behind the stories.The sages were not able to explain these in this modern language, but they’ve seen the truth of these things – in transcendental state.Sometimes, in my meditation, I see color blindness test patterns, like discs and circles of light. In those circles of light, I see Buddhas sitting and meditating. I used to ask “What are you and who are you”. Once I had an idea that I should enter one of those. When I entered, I was in different space and time. You can go to the next galaxy and come back by overcoming the speed of light barrier in your matter wave pattern. Matter waves consist, in my opinion, which is not proved, but I think, that they constitute intelligence.Function of intelligence is to create order out of disorder. Matter always moves from order to disorder. Function of intelligence is to create order out of disorder. So, there is a theorem of conservation of energy and we think the entropy always increases. But we think of entropy also as a form of energy, but we don’t see the equation between them. Entropy is also conserved. For every degree of increase of disorder, there is a corresponding increase in order also. That part, you are not seeing and ignoring. Therefore you see that the entropy is not conserved. But if you include that, then you can under the statement made by Krishna in Bhagavad Gita.

|| yadha yadha hi dharmasya glanirbhavathi bharatha
abhyukthanam adharmasya thathamanam srujamyaham. ||

Whenever there is a great calamity or a disorder in this world, I create myself. That creation is the matter of intelligence. The intelligence is the function of matter waves. So there isreality of the world and there is reality of the non-world. Non-world consists of just pure waves. They are spread out everywhere and everybody knows about everything else.So that is the conception that is behind the creation. How do you create something out of nothing?

How do you create a phenomenal world out of nothing. If you want to create something out of 0, zero must remain zero, to create a +1, you’ve to create a -1. Then you pull out something from zero, you’ve to pull something else out of zero so that zero remains zero. The world is a myth that is created out of nothing. Who is creating this world? Yourself. Where was this world before you were born? It was not there. Where it is going to go after you are gone? It is not there. That is the concept of Sachidananda. Sat is existence. Existence – there is no validity or proof that it exists without consciousness. Consciousness has no existence without existence itself. So, there is an equation between Sat and Chit. Sat is called Shiva and Chit is called Shakthi. They are inseparable, although they appear to be separate. Their inseparableness is Ananda.

That is the fundamental theorem, we can say, that “I am the world”. “I == WORLD”. These are all called Triputis. You are that matter waves by the way and you cannot become one. The process of becoming is to be eliminated. Effort has to go and only effortlessness is the way. Stop pujas, stop meditation, stop everything. Effort is there as long as you think that you are different from THAT. If you’re already that, then where is the effort ? Until the time that you realize that you’re that, you need that. Every effort tries to push away the result from you. You start off with rituals, meditations, bhakthi, jnana, vairagya etc.

Ultimately you’ve got to drop all these. Elimination of all supports is the way. It does not mean that you’re inactive. She does not allow you to sleep in the night. You’re obsessively and compulsively active. We go on to the next state of Sthithi. What maintains this world, is Kama. The desire. If there is no desire, there is no desire to live and the body ceases to be. So, Kama is that desire which makes you survive. That is why we include Kama as one Purushartha. Dharma , Artha, Kama, Moksha. Without Kama there is no life.

|| akametha bahusyam upayaayethi ||

He desired, He sees himself in many many forms. It was His desire that we’re all experiencing as our desires; because, we inherit the property of the creator and his property is freewill and freewill is capable of creation. So, we are capable of creating the future. We’re co-creators of this world with God. So, God creates through our  imaginations.Without this Chit Shakthi, which is manifesting through  us,  this “Maya Kalpitha Bramhanda mandalayai namah” – without Her, He cannot manifest anything. Without Him, She cannot exist. So  this, combination of Shiva and Shakthi, Sat and Chit, they are  completely interwoven at every moment of time and every part of  space. That is their eternal union, conjugal bliss. In second story, it is  Mahishasura – the Kama, desire. The desire is expressed in the field  of  Maya, which makes you think that you are separate from the world. So  you want it. Out of this desire, you are seeing something; you don’t  know what it is. Fear is born out of separateness. If I get what I want,  I  get satisfied. If I don’t get what I want, I get krodha – anger.  Lobha is I got something what I wanted, but I want to repeat the enjoyment again and again. Moha is coming to a stage where you cannot live without it. You’ve seen a beautiful girl, married her and then you come to a stage where you cannot live without her. You used to live without her before marriage, but you forgot it. Now you see that you’re incapable of living without her. That is illusion, Moha. Mada – I got it and nobody else got it – pride of ownership. Mathsarya – others have it and I don’t have it. I crave for it. Everything is born out of Kama.  Kama  drives the whole world. Kama, krodha, lobha, moha, madha, matsarya  are  the different manifestations of Kama. Mahisha is embodiment of kama.  He  does not care whether the other person wants it or not. He wants to fulfill his desire. You cannot have kama to the universe. A small story!!

Once a guy met God and asked him, “God, all the wealth in the world that we’ve got, how much is that in your measure. God said “It is not even one cent”. Then, he says “we live for hundred years and yogis live for hundreds of years, how much time it is in your time”. God said “It is not even one second”. He said cleverly “God give me one cent of your money”. God said “Wait for one second!!”. You cannot have  Kama to infinity. It will overwhelm you with Her desires, million million times more than what you are capable of.

The Mahisha, Kama is not on. The lust is not on. What do you substite it with. It is eros. You want to beautify, you are tuning into the desire of the Mother and the desire of the Mother is to find out better and better ways of expressing in this world. Better civilizations, better understanding, better  manifestation, who are beautiful creations, that is what She is after. When you tune into that, then Kama becomes Sringara. The transformation from Kama to Sringara is the story of Mahishasura Mardhani. When She comes and kills Mahishasura “ardha nishkrantha evasou”, he comes out half of it, “devya veeryena samyuthaha”, by Her energy is filled and he comes out. There is a loveable part there remaining and Kama transformed to love is the loveable part and carnal desire is the hateful part. So She kills the hateful part and She gives the boon to Mahishasura, that whenever my name is mentioned, your name would be mentioned first. She is Mahishasura Mardhini. She has controlled him. So the lust transforming into love, that is the thing that preserves the world. That is why it is sthithi. Maha Lakshmi. Maha Kali is one chapter. Birth of the child inside the womb of the mother. Second is it is continuance in the love form, sustained by erotic desire. Erotic expressing itself as waves of beauty, waves of organizations.Final thing is Shumba, Nishumba vadham. In Matrix Reloaded movie, raktha bija is represented. Each time, a desire falls to the ground, raktha means desire, seed of desire, the desire is at Muladhara Level, another demon is born out of that of equal proportions. You kill Kama, it becomes anger and if you kill anger, then it becomes Loba and so on. Then again Kali has to come to the rescue, She says you extend your tongue and make sure that the seed does not fall to the ground, that means, that the seed is not allowed to come back to Muladhara Chakra but stop it at the Agni chakra.

The purpose of Srividya Upasana is to loose the structures that constitute duality and bring them into unity. The identity between what you see and what you are is what is trying to be established. One way we can say that the whole world is collapsing into us and other way that we’re expanding into the whole world; both are equal. One is done by Pasham. Pasham is attracting everything into yourself. Ankusham is pushing everything away. Ragaswaroopa Pashadya – Raga means attachment. We need both, these are the atoms of life. If we have only attraction, everything comes to a point. If we have repulsion, then everything moves away to infinity. You need attraction and if it comes too close, you’ve to push away.

Enquiry does not stop at stories. It has to go behind the stories and understand the meaning of every single line.

Loka samastha sukhino bhavanthu.

Devipuram Seva Group
website : http://www.vi1.org
Email : seva@vi1.org
Devipuram Phone : +91-8924-237742

Published in: on 8 December 2006 at 12:56 pm  Comments (1)  

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  1. I know that Durga Sapthashati is very pious literature and by reading it you will be free from evil deeds. I don’t know much but have little idea about it. Still I need to know lot of about Maa Durga and by reading this type of post i am sure I can uplift my soul and become the very lovable child of Maa durga. Even I don’t know the many sanskrit words but still trying to chant it.
    I am here and reading your post is the best experience of my life I am feeling.

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